We write about Top 10 List of famous scientist of all time. So this list of famous scientist will help you to extend your knowledge.
10 – Thomas Alva Edison
He was born in West Orange, New Jersey, USA on 11 February in 1847. He was the inventor of electricity. This great scientist was died on 18th October in 1931.
9 – Stephen Hawking
His full name is Stephen William Hawking. He was born on 8th January in 1942. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and in 2009 was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States.
8 – Edwin Hubble
He was born in 1889. In 1924 Hubble measured the distance to the Andromeda nebula and showed it was about a hundred thousand times as far away as the nearest stars. It had to be a separate galaxy, comparable in size to our own Milky Way but much further away. Hubble also calculated the point where the expansion began and estimated the age of the universe at about 2 billion years (more recent estimates put it at 20 billion years). He was died in 1953.
7 – Louis Pasteur
He was born in 1822. This French chemist/biologist made numerous contributions to science. Separated mirror image molecules and studied effect of polarized light and the germ theory of disease urging doctors to use clean instruments, wash hands, and disinfect bandages in The Germ Theory and its Application to Medicine and Surgery is the main contribution of latest science. He was died in 1895.
6 – Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin was born in 1809. Darwin studied medicine at Edinburgh University but was repelled by the sight of surgery performed without anesthesia and entered Cambridge University to become a clergyman. His famous book is On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Darwin’s work had a tremendous impact on society since the theory challenged beliefs about the creation of life on earth. He was died in 1882.
5 – Galileo Galilei
He was born in 1564. He was a Mathematician/astronomer/physicist who made numerous contributions to modern science. Galileo was first to use telescope to gather evidence proving the earth revolves around the sun. He informally stated the principles later embodied in Newton’s first two laws of motion. He also invented the mechanical pendulum clock, improved the telescope, and developed the first thermometer. This famous scientist was died in 1642.
4 – Johannes Kepler
He was born in 1571. He observed the motion of planets. He also discover some data on planate Mars. Ironically it was precisely the Mars data that allowed Kepler to develop his three laws describing the orbit of planets around the Sun. he was died in 1630.
3 – James Clerk Maxwell
In the Top 10 List of famous scientist of all time we keep the name of James Clerk Maxwell in the 3rd place. He was born in 1831.Maxwell is considered the scientist of the 19th century who had the greatest influence on 20th century physics. In 1931 Einstein described Maxwell’s work as “the most profound and the most fruitful that physics has experienced since the time of Newton. Maxwell also formulated, independently of Ludwig Boltzmann, the Maxwell-Boltzmann kinetic theory of gases. He was died in 1979.
2 – Sir Isaac Newton
He was born on 25 December 1642. Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica is the greatest creation of Sir Isaac Newton. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, which dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries?
1 – Albert Einstein
He was born in 1879. Einstein is probably the most famous scientist of all time. He burst on the scene in 1905 when he managed to solve three of the outstanding problems of physics: photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, and special theory of relativity. He also gained the title of Novel prize. This famous scientist was died in 1955.